MycoPro Restoration Techniques

Mulching on Contaminated Sites

The effects of using mushrooms on contaminated landscapes has been proven to be highly efficient. Nature has been at this for millions of years and we have now been given the keys to help the process happen more quickly.

What has been discovered is that when we plant mushrooms and give them the appropriate shade, moisture, food and oxygen, they produce in mass. When the mushrooms fruit and begin to decompose, they attract insects, which then attract birds and other mammals, which then drop seed and begin the cycle of life.

There are mushrooms that have digestive enzymes, which can break down wide ranges of toxins, which have molecular bonds similar to wood. These can be placed into two subgroups, brown rot and white rot fungi. It has been found that white rot fungi produce certain enzymes, which break down hydrocarbon bonds found in nature.

Apparently, only the white rot fungi produce manganese-dependant peroxidase, which mineralizes wood and is efficient in breaking down hydro-carbon bonds. The Oyster, Maitake, Artist Conk, Turkey Tail, and Reishi are some of the more potent white rot fungi. The enzymes, which are secreted by their mycelium, include lignin perosidases, manganiese peroxidases, and laccases (Schliephake et al. 2003). Through this process, fifty percent of organic mass dissipates as carbon dioxide and ten to twenty percent as water.

Many of the bonds that hold wood together, are similar to the bonds found in petroleum-based products. It has been scientifically proven that mushroom mycelium are quite suitable for breaking down the toxic elements found in oil, diesel, pesticides, and more, making fungi our best allies for restoration to date!

Paul Stamets, Mycelium Running, page 84
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